Monday, 17 Jun 2019

Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction

Drug addiction is a complex chronic disease whereby a patient has this uncontrolled craving and the need to seek a drug despite its adverse impacts.

The traditional society viewed drug abuse as a moral flaw. A person, say undergoing benzo addiction treatment would be imprisoned, prayed for or sentenced to an asylum.

Modern approaches to addiction treatment are based on scientific research and have proven effective. Here are the conventional treatments for drug addiction;

Behavioral Treatment

A form of therapy that uses counseling, support groups, etc. to help treat drug addiction. The behavioral therapies help the addicted change their attitude and behaviors, adopt healthy life skills, and continue partaking other forms of treatment.

Those battling addiction can get behavioral treatment in various settings depending on the severity of addiction.

Outpatient treatment

Patients visit a behavioral health counselor on a regular basis. A patient undergoing benzo addiction treatment has to attend a treatment center that offers behavioral programs. These include cognitive behavioral therapy, motivation interviewing, motivational incentives and multidimensional family therapy.

Inpatient/residential treatment

For those with a severe addiction characterized by co-occurring disorders, an inpatient program is the best option. The addicted are under 24-hour care with safe housing and medication. The treatment in this setting aims at helping the patient return to a drug and crime-free lifestyle.

Use of Medications & Devices for Addiction Treatment

Medications are used as part of the addiction treatment and are more effective when combined with behavioral therapies. The medications and devices help to manage the withdrawal symptoms during the detoxification, treat the resulting conditions and prevent a relapse.

Detoxification isn’t a treatment in itself but rather the first step in the treatment process. More than 80% of the detoxifications in treatment facilities use medications to help reduce withdrawal symptoms. Patients who don’t receive further treatment after upon detoxification usually relapse.

Besides, addiction treatment medications help patients regain their normal brain function and also lower craving for drugs. For instance, clonazepam and clonidine are two drugs used in the benzo addiction treatment. The addicted persons who abuse more than just one drug will require treatment for all the substances they use.

Evaluation and Treatment for Co-Occuring Mental Health Conditions

Once the addicted has undergone detoxification, received behavior treatment and taken medication for substances, there’s more. It’s time to monitor and treat any resulting mental health issues such as depression and anxiety which contributed to the addiction and may cause a relapse if unaddressed.

The Bottom Line

Addiction is a chronic disease that affects their whole being including brain function. So patients battling drug addiction need careful handling. All approaches to addiction treatment including behavioral therapy, medications & evaluation for mental conditions should help treat and prevent a relapse.